Surat Ţāhā (Ta-Ha)
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Juz 16: “True Stories”Surah al-Kahf introduces stories of lesser-known figures in history, and Surah Maryam highlights the stories of more widely recognized Prophets, Surah Taha goes into great depth about the details of Prophet Musa’s عليه السلام struggles. His hardships, when compared to those of all other Prophets, bear the greatest resemblance to those Prophet Muhammad ﷺ faced during his mission. Moreover, Allah uses this Surah to present the closest historical parallel of His Divine protection and victory, and how it is so evident that even his opponents of other Abrahamic faiths will acknowledge it. Allah opens this surah by declaring that, ultimately, this Qur’an will not be a source of disappointment for Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, and that his experience of success will be similar – and even greater – than the success of Prophet Musa عليه السلام. Starting from the early stage of their Prophethood, we learn that both Prophet Musa عليه السلام and Prophet Muhammad ﷺ shared the same isolation that initiated their first revelations; Prophet Musa عليه السلام was at the valley of Tuwa, while Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was in the cave of Ḥirā’. We also learn how daunting Prophet Musa’s عليه السلام task was: to return to Egypt and invite the Pharaoh to Islam thereby liberating the Children of Israel. The likelihood of him succeeding in this mission on his own seems impossible. But with Allah on his side, we find that success is inevitable. Similarly, the task of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to invite the Arabs to Islam and abandon the idols they had been worshipping for hundreds of years is an immense challenge, but with the help of Allah, his success is already written. as mentioned in Surah al-Aʿraf) while Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was given the privilege of the Night Ascension. Moreover, Prophet Musa عليه السلام brought new Divine laws to his people and struggled against the hypocrites to establish the framework for a faith-based civilization. Many years later, the Prophet ﷺ did the same in Madinah. Lastly, we discover that the champions of disbelief – Pharaoh and Sāmirī – both face a tragic ending, while Musa عليه السلام and his true followers ultimately live on to reap their rewards in this life and the next.
Lastly, Allah directs us to the story of Adam and Ḥawwā’ عليهم السلام. He reminds us that the strategy of materialism that Iblīs adopted to lead them to misguidance is the same strategy that he continues to use to deceive the generations after them. Allah wants for us to consciously and voluntarily reject that path, and so He gives us abundant signs to inspire us, and reveals stories of the people before us so that we can avoid repeating their mistakes. Yet, even when people insist on rejecting His guidance, He still gives them respite. By offering them this additional opportunity to reconsider, He leaves them with no excuse when the Day of Reckoning comes. He has given them a Messenger ﷺ, a Book of clear guidance, and details of what to expect. So, if anyone wants to prepare for that Day and succeed, he should pray and submit, and anyone who ignores the approach of that Day will learn the lessons, in the same way the Pharaoh has, when they experience their own demise.
مَا أَنزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنَ لِتَشْقَىٰ
إِلَّا تَذْكِرَةً لِّمَن يَخْشَىٰ
تَنزِيلًا مِّمَّنْ خَلَقَ الْأَرْضَ وَالسَّمَاوَاتِ الْعُلَى
الرَّحْمَٰنُ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ اسْتَوَىٰ
لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَمَا تَحْتَ الثَّرَىٰ
وَإِن تَجْهَرْ بِالْقَوْلِ فَإِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ السِّرَّ وَأَخْفَى
اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ لَهُ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَىٰ
وَهَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ مُوسَىٰ