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Surat Al-Furqān (The Criterian)

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    Period of Revelation

    It appears from its style and subject matter that, like Surah Al-Mu'minun, this Surah was revealed during the third stage of the Prophet's residence at Makkah.

    Major Issues, Divine Laws, and Guidance:

    • The Qur'an is the criterion to distinguish right from wrong. 

    • Wrongdoers are those who reject the Truth, disbelieve the Rasool, deny the Day of Judgement and life after death.

    • On the Day of Judgement, those deities whom the mushrikeen invoke beside Allah will deny any claim of divinity and hold the mushrikeen responsible for their shirk.

    • On the Day of Judgement, the disbelievers shall regret for not adopting the Right Way.

    • The wisdom of sending the Qur'an through a piecemeal revelation is explained.

    • Allah's commandment of making Jihad against unbelief with this Qur'an.

    • Characteristics of true believers are described.

    Subject matter and topics of this Surah include the doubts and objections that were being raised by the disbelievers of Makkah against the Qur'an, the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his teachings. Appropriate answers to those objections are given and the people are warned about the consequences of rejecting the Truth.

    At the end of the Surah a description of the character of a true believer is given. This description might be summarized as follows: "Here is the criterion for distinguishing the genuine from the counterfeit: Look at the noble character of those people who have believed in and followed the teachings of the Prophet and the kind of people that the Prophet is trying to produce through his training. You may compare these believers with those Arabs who have not yet accepted the Message, who are clinging to their ignorance and doing their utmost to defeat the Truth. Now decide for yourselves which of the two is better.”

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    تَبَارَكَ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَالَمِينَ نَذِيرًا

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    الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَمْ يَتَّخِذْ وَلَدًا وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ شَرِيكٌ فِي الْمُلْكِ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فَقَدَّرَهُ تَقْدِيرًا

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    وَاتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً لَّا يَخْلُقُونَ شَيْئًا وَهُمْ يُخْلَقُونَ وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ لِأَنفُسِهِمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا وَلَا يَمْلِكُونَ مَوْتًا وَلَا حَيَاةً وَلَا نُشُورًا

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    وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا إِفْكٌ افْتَرَاهُ وَأَعَانَهُ عَلَيْهِ قَوْمٌ آخَرُونَ ۖ فَقَدْ جَاءُوا ظُلْمًا وَزُورًا

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    وَقَالُوا أَسَاطِيرُ الْأَوَّلِينَ اكْتَتَبَهَا فَهِيَ تُمْلَىٰ عَلَيْهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلًا

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    قُلْ أَنزَلَهُ الَّذِي يَعْلَمُ السِّرَّ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا

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    أَوْ يُلْقَىٰ إِلَيْهِ كَنزٌ أَوْ تَكُونُ لَهُ جَنَّةٌ يَأْكُلُ مِنْهَا ۚ وَقَالَ الظَّالِمُونَ إِن تَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا رَجُلًا مَّسْحُورًا

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    انظُرْ كَيْفَ ضَرَبُوا لَكَ الْأَمْثَالَ فَضَلُّوا فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ سَبِيلًا

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