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Surat An-Naba' (The Tidings) - سورة النبإ

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    Period of Revelation: This Surah was revealed during the early
    period of the Prophet’s residence at Makkah.

    Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance:

    • Creations of the heavens, earth, mountains and vegetation clearly points out towards the Day of Judgement.
    • Resurrection and man’s accountability in the court of Allah.
    • The righteous will be well pleased, while the disbelievers will be put in hell, where they will be treated with scalding water and decaying filth.

         The theme of this Surah is to affirm the resurrection and hereafter, and to warn the people of the consequences of disbelieving it. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) first started to preach Islam at Makkah, his message consisted of three elements:

    • Do not associate any one with Allah in his Godhead;
    • Allah has appointed him as His Rasool (Messenger);
    • This world will come to an end one day and then another world will be established. All the former and the latter generations will be resurrected with the same bodies in which they lived and worked in this world. They will be called to account for their beliefs and deeds, and those who emerge as believing and righteous in this accountability will go to Paradise and those who are proved to be disbelieving and wicked will live in hell forever.

       Of these, the first elements was highly unpleasant for the people of Makkah, they were not disbelievers in the existence of Allah. They believed in His Being, the Supreme Sustainer, Creator and Providence and also admitted that all those beings whom they regarded as their deities, were themselves Allah’s creatures. Therefore, in this regard the only thing they disputed was whether the deities had any share in the attributes and powers of Divinity and in the Divine Being itself or not.
    As for the second element, the people of Makkah were not prepared to accept it. However, they could not deny that during the 40-year of life, that the Prophet (peace be upon him) had lived amongst them before his claim to be a Prophet, they had never found him lying or deceitful or one who would adopt unlawful methods for selfish ends.


    As for the third element, resurrection, they mocked it the most and expressed unusual wonder at it. They regarded it as remote from reason and impossible. They talked about it as incredible, even inconceivable, in their assemblies. Therefore, reference is made to the common talk and the doubts that were being expressed in the streets of Makkah and in every assembly of the people on hearing the news about Resurrection. Then, the deniers have been asked: “Don’t you see this earth which We have spread as a carpet for you? Don’t you see the high mountains which We have so firmly placed in the earth? Don’t you consider your own selves, how We have created you as pairs of men and women? Don’t you consider your sleep by which We make you seek a few hours rest after a few hours of labor and toil so as to keep you fit for work in this world? Don’t you see the alternation of the night and the day which We are so regularly perpetuating precisely according to your needs and requirements? Don’t you see the strongly fortified system of the heavens above you? Don’t you see the sun by means of which you are receiving your light and heat? Don’t you see the rain which fall from the clouds and help produce vegetables and gardens? Do these things tell you that the power of the Almighty Allah Who has created them, will be unable to bring about Resurrection and establish the Day of Judgement? Then, from the supreme wisdom which is clearly working in this world around you, do you only understand that even though each of these functions is for a purpose, life is yet meaningless? Nothing could be more absurd and meaningless than to say that, man, after being granted vast powers of appropriation in this world, would not be held accountable for his actions. He should neither be rewarded for satisfactory work, nor punished for unsatisfactory performance.


    In conclusion, the Divine Court in the Hereafter has been depicted, making it clear that there will be no question about somebody’s getting his followers and associates forgiven. None will speak without leave, and leave for intercession will be given only for those who had acknowledged the Truth in this world; rebels of Allah and rejectors of the Truth will deserve no intercession at all.    

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    عَمَّ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ

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    عَنِ النَّبَإِ الْعَظِيمِ

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    الَّذِي هُمْ فِيهِ مُخْتَلِفُونَ

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    كَلَّا سَيَعْلَمُونَ

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    ثُمَّ كَلَّا سَيَعْلَمُونَ

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    أَلَمْ نَجْعَلِ الْأَرْضَ مِهَادًا

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    وَالْجِبَالَ أَوْتَادًا

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    وَخَلَقْنَاكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا

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    وَجَعَلْنَا نَوْمَكُمْ سُبَاتًا

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