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Surat Al-Burūj - The Mansions of the Stars

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    Period of Revelation: This Surah was revealed in Makkah during the period when persecution of the Muslims was at its peak and the disbelievers of Makkah were trying their utmost by tyranny and coercion to turn the new converts away from Islam. Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance:

    • Those who torture the believers will be given the punishment of conflagration on the Day of Judgement.
    • He Who created you for the first time, will bring you back to life again for accountability.
      This Surah warns the disbelievers of the evil consequences of persecution and tyranny, and consoles the believers that if they remain firm and steadfast against tyranny and coercion, they will be rewarded for it, and Allah Himself will avenge their persecutors. In this connection, the story of the makers of the ditch (Ashab al-Ukhdud), who had burnt the believers to death by casting them into pits full of fire is related. By means of this story, the believers and the disbelievers have been taught a few lessons:
    • Just as the makers of the ditch became worthy of Allah’s curse and punishment, the chiefs of Makkah are also becoming worthy of it.
    • Just as the believers at that time, willingly accepted to sacrifice their lives by being burnt to death in the pits of fire instead of turning away from their faith, so also should the believers endure persecution and not to give up faith.
    • Allah, to whom belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, is Praiseworthy and is watching what the two groups are striving for.
    It is made clear that the disbelievers will not only be punished in Hell for their disbelief but, in addition to that, they will also suffer punishment of fire as a fit recompense for their tyranny and cruelty. The believers who are firm in their belief and do good deeds will be rewarded with paradise, which indeed, will be the supreme success. The disbelievers are warned that Allah’s grip is very severe. If they are proud of the strength of their hosts, they should know that the hosts of Pharaoh and Thamud were even stronger and even more numerous. Therefore, they should learn a lesson from the fate, these people of the past met. No one can escape Allah’s jurisdiction and the Qur’an that they are belying is unchangeable: it is inscribed in the Preserved Tablet, which cannot be destroyed.

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    وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْبُرُوجِ

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    وَالْيَوْمِ الْمَوْعُودِ

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    وَشَاهِدٍ وَمَشْهُودٍ

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    قُتِلَ أَصْحَابُ الْأُخْدُودِ

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    النَّارِ ذَاتِ الْوَقُودِ

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    إِذْ هُمْ عَلَيْهَا قُعُودٌ

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    وَهُمْ عَلَىٰ مَا يَفْعَلُونَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ شُهُودٌ

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    وَمَا نَقَمُوا مِنْهُمْ إِلَّا أَن يُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ

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    الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

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