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Surat Aţ-Ţāriq - The Nightcommer

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    Period of Revelation: This is one of the early Surahs revealed at Makkah. It was sent down at a stage when the disbelievers of Makkah were employing all sorts of devices and plans to defeat and frustrate the message of Islam.

    Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance:

    • Allah has appointed a guardian angel over every soul.
    • The Qur’an is the decisive Word of Allah.

    This Surah discuses two themes:

    • Man has to appear before Allah after death.
    • The Qur’an is a decisive Word, which no plan or device of the disbelievers can defeat or frustrate.

    The stars of the heavens are cited as an evidence that there is nothing in the universe that may continue to exist and survive without a guardian over it. Then man is asked to consider his own self as to how he has been brought into existence from a mere sperm drop and shaped into a living human being. Then it is said that Allah, Who brought him into existence, certainly has the power to create him once again to scrutinize all of the secrets of man which remained hidden in this world. At that time, man will neither be able to escape the consequences of his deeds by his own power, nor will anyone else come to his rescue.

    In conclusion, it is pointed out that just as the falling of rain from the sky, the sprouting of plants and crops from the earth are not child’s play, but a serious task, similarly the truths expressed in the Qur’an are no jest, but a firm and unchangeable reality. The disbelievers think that their plans and devices will defeat the invitation of the Qur’an, but they do not know that Allah too is devising a plan which will void all their plans. Then, a word of consolation is provided to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and a warning is given to the disbelievers that very soon they will themselves find out whether they have been able to defeat the Qur’an by their schemes or whether the Qur’an has dominated them in the very place where they are exerting their efforts to defeat it.

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    وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ

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    وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الطَّارِقُ

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    النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ

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    إِن كُلُّ نَفْسٍ لَّمَّا عَلَيْهَا حَافِظٌ

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    فَلْيَنظُرِ الْإِنسَانُ مِمَّ خُلِقَ

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    خُلِقَ مِن مَّاءٍ دَافِقٍ

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    يَخْرُجُ مِن بَيْنِ الصُّلْبِ وَالتَّرَائِبِ

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    إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَجْعِهِ لَقَادِرٌ

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    يَوْمَ تُبْلَى السَّرَائِرُ

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