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Surat Ash-Shams (The Sun)

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    Period of Revelation: This Surah was revealed, in the early stage at Makkah, when opposition to the Prophet (peace be upon him) had grown very strong and intense.

    Major Issues, Divine Law and Guidance:

    • Success depends on keeping the soul pure and failure depends on corrupting it, people of Thamud were leveled to the ground for that very reason.

    This Surah teaches that:

    • Just as the sun and the moon, the day and the night, the earth and the sky are different from each other and contradictory in their effects and results, so are good and evil different from each other and contradictory in their effects and results; they are neither alike in their outward appearance nor can they be alike in their results.
    • Allah, after giving human his body, sense and mind has not left him uninformed in this world. He has instilled into his subconscious, by means of a natural inspiration, the distinction between good and evil, right and wrong.
    • The future of man depends on recognizing these differences, developing the good and suppressing the evil tendencies of the self. If he develops good inclinations and frees himself of evil inclinations, he will attain eternal success, and if, on the contrary, he suppresses good and promotes evil, he will meet with disappointments and failures.

    This Surah relates the story of the people of Thamud to show that a Rasool is raised in the world; because the inspirational knowledge of good and evil that Allah has placed in human nature is, by itself, not enough for the guidance of man; rather on account of his failure to understand it, man has invented a wrong criteria, and theories of good and evil, and has gone astray. The example of Thamud relates that Prophet Saleh (peace be upon him) was sent to that nation, but the people overwhelmed by their evil became so rebellious that they rejected him. When he presented before them the miracle of the she camel, which was demanded by them, the ones who was the most wretched of them, hamstrung her in accordance with the will and desire of the people. Consequently, the entire nation was overtaken by the wrath of Allah.

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    وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَاهَا

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    وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَاهَا

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    وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّاهَا

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    وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا

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    وَالسَّمَاءِ وَمَا بَنَاهَا

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    وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَاهَا

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    وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّاهَا

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    فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَاهَا

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    قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن زَكَّاهَا

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